西歐英‧愛

一道來自蘇格蘭的傳統美食,卻成為觀光客最害怕的暗黑料理!

巨匠編輯群
2021·08·18
作者·巨匠編輯群(似禾)

每個國家,都有自己獨特的料理,根據各國不同的文化、風土甚至歷史背景,有些讓人讚不絕口引發各國食客朝聖,有些則令人避之唯恐不及!
台灣的豬血糕、越南的鴨仔蛋、柬埔寨的炸毒蛛等,而在英國北方的蘇格蘭,就有著一道愛的的人很愛,怕的人很怕的 ─ Haggis (羊雜布丁)
在寒冷的蘇格蘭,經過冰河刻蝕的地面,有著令人讚嘆的美景,也留下了貧瘠的土壤。再加上政治與軍事上長年與英格蘭之間的爭鬥,物資相當缺乏,一頭羊宰殺之後,皮肉骨血都能用,那內臟呢?
此時蘇格蘭的媽媽們對於珍貴的食材,自然要利用到極致。將保存不易且口感較差的羊雜(心肝脾肺腎甚至睪丸等)切細餡後,加入燕麥洋蔥香料等,以羊油拌炒,炒好的餡料裝入洗淨的羊胃袋中,以鹽水烹煮。煮熟後呈球狀,不但易於保存,且方便攜帶,戰士要出征或男人要上山去工作,就成為最好的營養補充劑,配上馬鈴薯泥及威士忌,就是一道正統的蘇格蘭饗宴。

而18世紀,蘇格蘭詩人Robert Burns 更是為其創作了不朽的詩歌!
 
Address to Haggis by Robert Burns
 
Fair fa' your honest, sonsie face, Great chieftain o' the pudding-race! Aboon them a' ye tak your place,
Painch, tripe, or thairm : Weel are ye wordy o'a grace As lang's my arm.
 
The groaning trencher there ye fill, Your hurdies like a distant hill, Your pin wad help to mend a mill
In time o'need, While thro' your pores the dews distil Like amber bead.
 
His knife see rustic Labour dight, An' cut you up wi' ready sleight, Trenching your gushing entrails bright,
Like ony ditch; And then, O what a glorious sight, Warm-reekin', rich!
 
Then, horn for horn, they stretch an' strive: Deil tak the hindmost! on they drive, Till a' their weel-swall'd kytes belyve Are bent like drums; Then auld Guidman, maist like to rive, Bethankit! hums.
 
Is there that owre his French ragout Or olio that wad staw a sow, Or fricassee wad make her spew
Wi' perfect sconner, Looks down wi' sneering, scornfu' view On sic a dinner?
 
Poor devil! see him owre his trash, As feckless as wither'd rash, His spindle shank, a guid whip-lash;
His nieve a nit; Thro' bloody flood or field to dash, O how unfit!
 
But mark the Rustic, haggis-fed, The trembling earth resounds his tread. Clap in his walie nieve a blade,
He'll mak it whissle; An' legs an' arms, an' heads will sned, Like taps o' thrissle.
 
Ye Pow'rs, wha mak mankind your care, And dish them out their bill o' fare, Auld Scotland wants nae skinking ware That jaups in luggies; But, if ye wish her gratefu' prayer
Gie her a haggis!

最為觀光客至蘇格蘭,如參加著名的蘇格蘭之夜,一定會有機會品嘗到這道令人又好奇又害怕的國菜,晚會主持人曾透漏,常有旅客為了不敢入口而在上菜時藉故尿遁,服務生可是會從洗手間下方的洞,為您單手奉上,雖然是個笑話,但也可以看出蘇格蘭人對此道佳餚的重視和驕傲。有機會來到蘇格蘭,千萬別錯過!附上BBC 的菜單連結,有興趣可以試做看看。


10個去聖托里尼必做的事
百年城堡~露易斯湖城堡飯店Fairmont Chateau Lake Louise
巨匠編輯群

/ 巨匠編輯群 /

旅遊看巨匠.世界不一樣
🔎帶你探索世界動人秘境!


收聽最新一集

PODCAST